Juno Beach Centre | Canada in WWII
Events
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On the Eve of War
 
 Unemployment, Drought and Locusts
 The Rise of Fascism
Aggression and Impunity
 Peace for our Time
War!

The decade preceding World War II remains deeply etched in our collective memory as an era of social and economic hardships; those "hard times" will prove to be a breeding ground of extremist movements. Throughout Canada’s huge territory, eleven million people through the press and radio witness the political events that are destabilizing Europe.

Unemployment and hunger prey on everybody’s mind; memories of the military feats from the Great War fade away as the Depression settles in. Most Canadians want peace but they cannot remain indifferent as dictatorships spread their shadow over Europe. United, Canadians will once again rise to defend democracy and freedom and help allied countries fight Nazi aggression.

 

Unemployment, Drought and Locusts

In 1930, 390,000 workers are without a job, i.e., some 13% of the total workforce. In 1936, that figure reaches 26%. The average annual income of Canadians drops from $471 to $247. Learn More
The Rise of Fascism

Aggression and Impunity

The Nazi Party is ruled by a charismatic leader Adolph, who inflames the crowds by promising a strong Germany, freed from the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles and reconciled with its past military grandeur. Learn More

The Spanish Civil War has been called a general rehearsal for WWII. Opposite ideologies, communism and fascism, are in open conflict and the country is used as a testing ground for the latest military material. Learn More

Peace for our Time

War!

There is a universal sigh of relief when the British Prime Minister announces that an agreement has been reached in Munich. Canadians, too, are relieved and share in the general admiration for the man who has successfully prevented another Nazi aggression. Learn More

On September 3, at 9:00 am, the British government demands the withdrawal of German forces within two hours. At 11:00 am, the French government does likewise. World War II has started. Learn More