Canada in the Second World War

People

Canada

Admiral L.W. Murray

Leonard Warren Murray, born in Granton, Nova Scotia, on June 22nd , 1896; died in Derbyshire, Great-Britain, on November 25th, 1971. Officer of the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN). Murray entered the recently founded Halifax Royal Naval College when he was...

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Admiral P.W. Nelles

Percy Walker Nelles, born in Brantford, Ontario, on January 7th, 1892, died in Victoria, British Columbia, on June 13, 1951. Officer of the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN). In 1910, the year the Royal Canadian Navy was created, young cadet Percy...

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Air Marshal L. S. Breadner

Lloyd Samuel Breadner, born July 14th, 1894, in Carleton Place, Ontario; died March 14th, 1952, in Boston, Massachusetts. Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) officer. In 1915, young Breadner left the family business in Ottawa to enlist in the Royal Naval...

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Air Vice-Marshal G.M. Croil

George Mitchell Croil, born June 5th, 1893, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; died April 8th, 1959, in Vancouver, B.C. Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) officer. During WWI, G. M. Croil wore the badge of the Royal Flying Corps and trained new pilots...

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Air Vice-Marshal Robert Leckie

Robert Leckie, born April 16th, 1890, in Glasgow, Scotland; died March 31st, 1975, in Ottawa. Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) officer. Like many other WWII senior officers, Robert Leckie first made his mark during WWI. Trained at the Toronto Curtiss...

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C.D. Howe

Clarence Decatur Howe, born in Waltham, Massachusetts, on January 14th, 1886; died in Montreal, on December 31st, 1960. Engineer and politician. Nicknamed “the Minister of Everything”, he was described as a “fascist, but a nice Fascist”, and accused of having...

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Colonel J. Layton Ralston

James Layton Ralston, born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, on September 27th, 1881; died in Montreal, on May 21st, 1948. Canadian Army officer, lawyer and politician. Upon graduating from Dalhousie Law School in 1903, J.L. Ralston practiced law in Amherst, Nova...

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General Andrew G.L. McNaughton

Andrew George Latta McNaughton, born in Moosomin (then North-West Territories, now in Saskatchewan) February 25, 1887, died in Montebello (Quebec) July 11, 1966. General Officer Commanding First Canadian Infantry Division from 1939 to 1940, First Canadian Corps from 1940 to...

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General H.D.G. Crerar

Henry Duncan Graham Crerar, born in Hamilton, Ontario, on April 28th, 1888; died in Ottawa on April 1st, 1965. Canadian Army officer and diplomat. Harry Crerar was educated at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, from 1906 to 1909...

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Lieutenant-General Charles Foulkes

Charles Foulkes, born in Stockton-on-Tees, England, on January 3rd, 1903; died in Ottawa on September 12th, 1969. Canadian Army officer. After a few years of university education, Charles Foulkes joined the Canadian Permanent Force in 1926. He was then a...

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Lieutenant-General E.L.M. Burns

Eedson Louis Millard (Tommy) Burns, born in Westmount, Quebec, on June 17th, 1897; died in Manotick, Ontario, on September 13th, 1985. Canadian Army officer and diplomat. At the beginning of WWI, 17-year old Tommy Burns entered the Royal Military College...

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Lieutenant-General Guy G. Simonds

Guy Granville Simonds, born in Bury St. Edmunds, England, on April 23rd, 1903; died in Toronto on May 15th, 1974. Canadian Army officer. The son of a British officer who immigrated to Canada, Guy Simonds was too young to serve...

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Major-General A.B. Matthews

Albert Bruce Matthews, born in Ottawa on August 12th, 1909; died in 1991. Canadian Army officer and businessman Unlike most other senior officers of the Canadian Army, Bruce Matthews did not follow a military career but rose from the Militia....

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Major-General B.M. Hoffmeister

Bertram Meryl Hoffmeister, born in Vancouver, British Columbia, on May 15th, 1907; died in Vancouver on December 4th, 1999; Canadian Army officer, businessman. Bert Hoffmeister discovered the excitement of military life when, at age 12, he joined the Seaforth Highlanders...

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Major-General Christopher Vokes

Christopher Vokes, born in Armagh, Ireland, on April 13th, 1904; died in Oakville, Ontario, on March 28th, 1985. Canadian Army Officer. The son of a British officer, Chris Vokes was educated at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, from...

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Major-General D.C. Spry

Daniel Charles Spry, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, on February 4th, 1913; died in 1989. Canadian Army Officer. An avid follower of the Boy Scouts Movement in his youth, Dan Spry was educated at Dalhousie University in Halifax in the early...

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Major-General George Kitching

George Kitching, born in Canton, China, in 1910; died in 1999. Canadian Army Officer. Between the two world wars, Kitching attended Sandhurst Royal Military College in England, and later served with the British Army. Kitching joined the Canadian Army in...

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Major-General J.H. Roberts

John Hamilton Roberts, born in Pipestone, Manitoba, on December 21st, 1891; died in 1963. Canadian Army Officer. When the state of war was proclaimed in September 1939, “Ham” Roberts already had a long military career behind him. He graduated in...

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Major-General R.F.L. Keller

Rodney Frederick Leopold Keller, born in Tetbury, Gloucestershire, England, on October 2nd, 1900; died in 1954. Canadian Army Officer. Rod Keller entered the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, in the last years of WWI. Upon graduating, he joined the...

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W.L. Mackenzie King

William Lyon Mackenzie King, born in Berlin (now Kitchener, Ontario) December 17, 1874, died in Kingsmere (Quebec) July 22, 1950. Leader of the Liberal Party from 1919 to 1948, Prime Minister of Canada from 1921 to 1926, from 1926 to...

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